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Published in Review of Scientific Instuments, 2019
A new optical system is introduced for the imaging of Coulomb crystals held in a cryogenic ion trap where there are space limitations preventing the placement of an objective close to the fluorescing ions. The optical system features an off-axis parabolic (OAP) mirror relay microscope that will serve to acquire images of a lattice of fluorescing ions confined within an ultra-high-vacuum vessel operating at temperatures below 10 K. We report that the OAP mirror relay setup can resolve features smaller than the separation between neighboring ions in Coulomb crystals. The setup presented here consists of two 90-degree OAP mirrors arranged into a relay from which standard microscope optics deliver the image to a camera. This design allows the first element in the imaging setup—an OAP mirror—to be located as close as possible to the ion trap, achieving high resolution without the need for a direct line-of-sight to the trap center or for a view port to be located in close proximity to the ion trap. Such an arrangement would not be possible with a standard microscope objective, which is the approach commonly adopted by the field. OAP mirrors represent a novel solution for delivering polychromatic images with micrometer-scale resolution over extended distances.
Recommended citation: Michal Hejduk and Brianna R. Heazlewood, "Off-axis parabolic mirror relay microscope for experiments with ultra-cold matter". Rev. Sci. Instrum. 90 (2019), p. 123701. https://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/1.5123792
Published in The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2019
We have demonstrated that neutral radicals can be decelerated using relatively short Zeeman decelerators if the switching sequence for electromagnets is optimised using an evolutionary algorithm. It means that investments in long decelerators are not necessary in many cases. Now, several laboratories are considering adapting the same optimisation method to their own experiments. I supervised computer simulations performed by a master degree student and a PhD student.
Recommended citation: Jutta Toscano, Lok Yiu Wu, Michal Hejduk, and Brianna R. Heazlewood, "Evolutionary algorithm optimisation of Zeeman deceleration: Is it worthwhile for longer decelerators?". J. Phys. Chem. A 123 (2019), pp. 5388-5394. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jpca.9b00655
Published in Review of Scientific Instruments, 2019
In this paper we demonstrate how to pick a narrow band of velocities from a beam of hydrogen atoms. This is important for performing studies on a chemical reactivity between the atoms and ions trapped in a cryogenic ion trap - another device that is being developed by me. We performed extensive molecular dynamics simulations in order to determine a proper design and carried out confirmatory experiments. As a result, we have shown that 52% of particles with v within ± 10 m/s of the target velocity are transmitted for v = 200 m/s, for example. I have built a mathematical model that helped us to interpret results of computer simulations. Without that, we would have struggled to explain some of the observed phenomena.
Recommended citation: Jutta Toscano, Michal Hejduk, Henry G. McGhee, and Brianna R. Heazlewood, "Manipulating hydrogen atoms using permanent magnets: Characterisation of a velocity-filtering guide". Rev. Sci. Instrum. 90.3 (2019), p. 033201. https://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/1.5078573
Published in The Journal of Chemical Physics, 2015
In this paper we describe measurements of electron-ion recombination coefficients for nuclear spin isomers of trihydrogen cations at temperatures down to 60 K. We confirmed that para nuclear spin isomers recombine with a significantly higher rate coefficient than ortho isomers. I developed a method how to modify a population of nuclear spin states of the ions in the existing flowing fterglow apparatus and interpreted the measured data.
Recommended citation: Michal Hejduk, Petr Dohnal, Peter Rubovič, Ábel Kálosi, Radek Plašil, Rainer Johnsen, and Juraj Glosík, "Flowing-afterglow study of electron-ion recombination of para–H3+ and ortho–H3+ ions at temperatures from 60 K to 300 K" J. Chem. Phys. 143(4), 044303 (2015) https://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/1.4927094
Published in The Astrophysical Journal, 2013
Using a cryogenic 22-pole trap, we studied a reaction of nuclear spin isomers of molecular hydrogen with atomic nitrogen ions. We observed something that could be interpreted as a dependence of the reaction rate coefficient on fine structure states of the ion. In order to prove a plausibility of this hypothesis, I constructed a computer model of chemical kinetics and compared the results with the experimental data. This has allowed us to extract state-specific rate coefficients for the reaction. It appears that each of the nitrogen ion’s fine structure states has a significantly different reactivity. This can influence interpretations of some of the emission spectra from interstellar clouds.
Recommended citation: Illia Zymak, Michal Hejduk, Dmytro Mulin, Radek Plašil, Juraj Glosík, Dieter Gerlich, "Low-Temperature Ion Trap Studies of N+ (3Pja) + H2 (j) → NH+ + H". Astrophys. J. 768.1, 86 (2013), p. 86. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/768/1/86